Each year, UEPG collates best available aggregates production data from all over Europe. While UEPG data quality improves year-on-year, it is still based for some smaller countries on best estimates; overall it is believed to be the most authoritative data available for the aggregates industry.
The data for 2018 for 39 countries is available here, together with the sub-totals for the EU28 plus EFTA countries, as well as for the EU28 countries only (taking the UK as then within EU 28).
In 2018, the production of aggregates in the EU28 plus EFTA countries was 3.07 billion tonnes (bnt), a very slight increase of 0.7% over 2017; while the very welcome upward trend in production volumes since 2013 continued, there were emerging signals of a stagnating European economy.
In 2018 the number of EU+EFTA operating companies increased slightly to 15,334. The number of extraction sites in EU + EFTA in 2018 decreased slightly to 26,084. The total EU + EFTA numbers employed (calculated as employees plus on-site contractors) in 2018 was over 185,000, while inclusion of off-site contractors brings the total employed to over 200.000.
National Production by Country 2018 (mt)
Figure 1 summarises the 2018 national production tonnages by country and by type of aggregates for all 39 countries. In 2018, Russia was the largest, producing 736 million tonnes (mt), followed by Germany with 597 mt and Turkey at 430 mt; the next three were France at 429 mt, Poland at 320 mt and UK at 276 mt. At the other end of the scale were the small countries, namely North Macedonia, Luxembourg, Iceland, Montenegro, and Malta, with a production less than 5mt each.
National Production in Tonnes per Capita, 2018
Figure 2 shows the national 2018 production data expressed in tonnes/capita (t/c) across Europe, which includes exports (mainly from Norway) but excludes imports. This data varies by national climate, terrain, state of economy and building tradition, being highest in Norway at 25 t/c, and lowest in Spain and Italy at less than 3 t/c. The EU28 plus EFTA average was 5.9 t/c versus the 7.2 t/c enjoyed before the financial crisis of 2006.
GDP/Capita versus Tonnes/Capita, 2018
Figure 3 presents the interesting relationship between economic developments, expressed as GDP/capita, and aggregates production in tonnes/capita. In this graph, the data for each country is represented by a blue dot, and the trend line illustrates the best fit curve. The graph illustrates that the production in tonnes per capita increases almost linearly as the GDP per capita increases. This is good news for the aggregates industry as long as European economic growth continues